The Nature of Arguments


Many relationships run into arguments, from marital tiffs to inter-ethnic disputes, and everything in-between. Below is something that came to me all at once while pondering about relationship difficulties (as you do). I’m not sure where it came from, but I thought it worth sharing.

The Nature of Arguments

An argument is a verbal interaction that operates on two levels:

  1. CONSCIOUS   (overt / explicit)
  2. UNCONSCIOUS   (covert / implicit)

The conscious level is what the argument is seemingly about — superficially, but not really.

The unconscious level is what the argument is really about, without either person making it explicit, often because they are unaware of it.

What is explicitly said on the surface level of an argument is not where either individual is coming from. Rather, it represents how each individual wants to be perceived by the other, and — more importantly — wants the other to perceive themselves.

The former, “How I want you to perceive me,” serves the latter, “How I want you to perceive yourself.” For example,

“I want you to see that I am an innocent victim, so that you will then understand that you are acting totally unfairly, and thus you will have no option but to change your behaviour.”

This surface level is motivated by each individual’s own subconscious or semi-conscious agenda, namely the hope of getting the other to change their ways. There is usually a lot of emotional charge powering this agenda.

However, each individual is either completely or partially unaware of what they are doing and why; hence, they act as though what they are expressing at the surface level is just “plain truth”.

The more convincing they can make themselves sound in this performance, the more likely it is (or so they believe) that the other will be persuaded by it. In other words, the hope is that the other person will take in what is explicitly said on the surface as “truth,” and thus change their ways.

This level could also be described as an interaction between personas, a persona being an artificial display of oneself that masks one’s hidden feelings. These are feelings of which one is barely aware, and which — as yet — one is unwilling to face because there is great fear, tenderness and vulnerability surrounding them. It naturally feels safer not to go near these particular feelings (why touch something knowing that it will hurt?).

The hidden agenda or covert strategy, then, is to get those who trigger such feelings (or “press those buttons”) to stop doing so.

This is the whole purpose of the argument.

As soon as both individuals consciously and explicitly recognise that this is what they are actually doing when they argue, the argument can be changed instead into a growthful conversation. That is, a joint discussion with the shared goal of uncovering what each individual actually fears, and how those fears get triggered in their day-to-day lives with the other person.

The aim of such a conversation is for each individual to help one another to address, identify and describe their own fears and how they get subconsciously triggered. In doing so, each one will also come to appreciate the other’s fears, and thus achieve compassion as well as understanding.

The conversation is complete when both parties agree that they have arrived at a clear and true understanding of what the original argument was about, and why it started. There will be no need to continue it because the mechanisms for healing that aspect of the relationship will be clear to both.

Better still, both will be laughing at the unconscious trips they had been laying on each other!

7 thoughts on “The Nature of Arguments

  1. It’s incredible, Barry, how I’ve come, a few years ago, to begin perceiving exactly what my motivations to argue and fight were – and still, sometimes while being very aware of the basic hidden feelings I’m trying to keep hiding, some of those “persona agenda” bits slip through and come out of my mouth, almost out of control. It is like trying to hold up the door of a room full of water that wants to come out through me and hit the other person, instead of just opening the drain and letting it go out without directing it at my wife, for example. I’m slowly learing to communicate to her the real motivations that come from a deeper layer of my being, stripping down the argument to the naked truth: I’m afraid of losing her, of not being accepted in my way of doing things, of being wrong and thus give up the strength that holds together what persona, who I want others to see. I’m learning to feed less and less this persona and starving it may not be a bad idea after all.

    • Fantastic Allan.

      Yes, basically you have to let yourself be vulnerable to rejection/abandonment — but with the understanding that by no longer pushing an agenda the other has no reason to reject/abandon you. Irony in action!


  2. This website has helped change me in so many ways and I am eternally grateful. Thank you Barry for this sharing of information. I can’t even begin to express how full of gratitude I am.

    You’ve done good, Mr. Barry. Done real good. 😀

  3. I got married at the age of 16 and I’ve been married for 32 years now when we were younger we could have knock down crazy fights and arguments, but now that we are older I feel it’s not just your mind that realizes that you shouldn’t argue so much but it’s also the physical in fact your bodies just can’t handle it any more like , whew my heart flutters and you get dizzy face gets bright red etc. etc. so maybe that’s why they say to get married when you are old and not young because your old body just can’t fight the way a young body can. LOL now we are both just grateful that we have each other and we are growing old gracefully together !!! P. S. I have never came across things on line that I would ever respond too in fact I have never written back to any posts before, but for some reason when I’ve found your I just felt compelled to write that’s weird huh ? Thank you for reading Melissa

💬 Leave a Reply 💬